India's Second Moon Mission Chandrayaan-2

India’s Second Moon Mission chandrayaan-2

Chandrayaan-2, To be a superior country, India keeps on experimenting on something new and launches such a mission that is beyond the expectation of everyone.

Today, India has successfully launched its Mission Chandrayaaan-2. Here are a few things you need to know about the launch of Chandrayaan-2.

Why Moon is Important?

The moon is Earth’s only permanent natural satellite. We can discover so many things on its surface if the efforts are in the right direction.

  • The Soviet Union has launched the lunar program, and it was a success to check the eligibility of the moon surface and the magnetic field on or around the moon with crewless spacecraft in 1959.
  • And Apollo ll a spaceflight of America landed two humans on the surface of the moon.

What is Chandrayaan-2 All About?

Before coming to Chandrayaan-2, we first need to know about the Chandraayaan-1 mission.

  • Chandrayaan-1: The Chandrayaan-1, 22 October 2018, costing 380 crores. In this ISRO was successful in discovering the presence of water molecule in the lunar soil.

India’s second mission to the moon is native. The mission is comprising of an orbiter, lander and rover.

The mission will be India’s first attempt to land a rover on the south pole of the moon. It cost up to 960 crores. The launch vehicle used in the mission was GSLV-F10.

The Chandrayaan-2 is comprising of the following components:

  • Orbiter

It is the component containing six scientific payloads, and it will launch into 100km Lunar Orbit. It will create 3D maps of the lunar surface nad study the water ice in the polar region.

  • Lander 

‘Vikram’ the lander consists of 3 scientific payloads, and it will give initiate soft landing on the lunar surface and designated site.

  • Rover 

‘Pragyan’ a six-wheeled machine is consisting of 3 scientific payloads to roll out on the surface of the moon.

The purpose of the Chandrayaan-2 mission is to gather data not only lunar exosphere but also on the typography, mineralogy, elemental abundance signature hydroxyl and water ice.

After the landing, the rover will get detached to the lander and move 100-200 meters on the moon’s surface and analyse the content. The rover will remain active for 14 Earth days(lunar days) and send back information to the earth within 15 minutes.

The mission is not only focusing on exploring new things, but they are searching for the forms of water that are existing on the moon surface but also the extraordinary information that rover can capture about the moon’s surface.

Why Chandrayaan-2 is special?

Unlike NASA’s Apollo and Rusia’s Luna Mission where the rover landed on the equatorial region, ISRO has set up it to land on the south pole which is less explored field by any country to search for frozen water.

This prestigious contribution by the Indian Space Research Organisation(ISRO) can be a bravo achievement.

Why Need of Chandrayaan-2 Arises?

India’s first Lunar mission was a success, but there was a specific drawback as the Indian space team did not make all the equipment there was a contribution by certain other countries like the USA as they have tied up with the ISRO so that they could capture the information about the moon.

The equipment that was installed by NASA has easily captured information about the moon so that India was unable to gather any information. And the south pole was not explored in the mission so the ISRO concluded after ten years that the second Moon Mission should take ahead

Why the south polar region is choosen?

The space agency disclosed that the south pole is firstly the surface area under the shadow is much larger than the north pole.

Secondly, there is a possibility of the presence of water in the permanent shadow region around it. And the south pole region has craters that are cold traps and contain fossil record of the early solar system.

Although it is an essential mission for the ISRO, they will give come out with more such beautiful missions.